Terpenes are naturally-occurring chemical compounds that appear in plants like trees, flowers, fruits and vegetables. They’re responsible for the aromas, flavors, and even colors associated with different vegetation.
Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and they are found in the same glands that produce cannabinoids, like CBD and THC. Each cannabis strain tends to have its own unique terpene composition, which help us recognize and recommend the most effective medicine to our patients.
We highlight the top terpenes in each of our flower strains on our packaging and jar cards, and our patient care technicians are well versed in the benefits and effects of our terpenes. Next time you’re in, make sure to ask us more about terpenes!
Cannabinoids are also naturally-occuring compounds found in the cannabis plant, which react with different areas of your brain (cannabinoid receptors) to create the effects felt when consuming cannabis, whether they be uplifting (sativa), relaxing (indica), or a combination of the two.
The most common cannabinoid is THC with the second-most common being CBD. There are over 480 different types of cannabinoids, including CBC, CBG, and CBN.
The entourage effect is the effect of more than one cannabinoid, in conjunction with terpenes, working together in order to increase the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.
Mother plants are plants grown strictly for the purpose of taking cuttings (clones) in order to grow more quantity of the desired plant. Since a mother plant’s only purpose is to have clones taken from it, these plants remain in a vegetative state their whole life, never being used to produce flower.
All of Everest’s clones are small cuttings taken off of living cannabis plants, their “mother plants”. Each clone will grow into a cannabis plant itself, with the the same genetic makeup as the plant it was taken from.
Oftentimes, growing cannabis from a clone is preferable as it offers genetic consistency as well as less time and resources spent attempting to grow from seed.
Distillate is created through an extensive extraction and distillation process we conduct at our production lab that separates compounds, like cannabinoids, from our cannabis plant material.
Distillate oil is very potent and is the base ingredient of all of Everest’s edibles and vape cartridges, and typically lacks any flavor, taste, or aroma.
After the distillate is created, we re-introduce 100% natural terpenes back into it to give it its flavor and aroma – this is how we are able to create flavored PAX® pods!
CO2 extraction is a process that uses pressurized carbon dioxide to pull desired chemical compounds, such as essential cannabinoids, terpene oils and waxes, out of cannabis plant material.
Live concentrates are extracted from flash-frozen cannabis flower. This extract preserves the plant’s true terpene profile during extraction.
Cured concentrates are extracted from dried/cured cannabis flower. This extract comes from the type of flower that customers see on store shelves and what is generally used for inhalation.
Rosin is a cannabis concentrate made through an extraction process that uses only heat and pressure. Rosin is also known as a full-spectrum extract, because when it’s processed correctly it will retain the plant’s full profile containing higher amounts of terpenes and cannabinoids.
Live resin skips the curing and drying process, requiring the freshly-harvested cannabis to be frozen to a subcritical temperature prior to and throughout the extraction process. Freezing the freshly-harvested cannabis helps preserve the terpene content, resulting in a more terpene-rich concentrate.
Cannabis extracts are created with or without solvents. Concentrates made without solvents are considered solvent-less. (This usually refers to hash, rosin, or anything that used CO2 with no butane or propane.)
Properly made solvent-based concentrates have all of the solvents removed before being sold. Because of this, some companies will still label their concentrates to be solvent-less even though solvents were still used in the extraction process. If any solvent was used in the extraction process (even if 100% of it was purged out), it should be considered solvent-free, rather than solvent-less.
Most common solvents used: Butane, Propane, Alcohol, CO2, Ethanol.
Kief is an accumulation of the trichomes, or resin glands of a cannabis plant, separated or sifted from cannabis flowers. Kief is usually high testing in THC or other raw cannabinoids. It’s often referred to as “dry sift.”
Kief can be used as a bowl topper, infused into edibles, added to the tip of a pre-roll, or pressed into hash.
Hash is made from kief. Hash is usually made one of two ways; by using water, ice, and bud or trim (usually referred to as water hash, bubble hash, or full melt), or by using pressure and/or heat to turn it into a solid consistency.
We do have our own production lab and kitchen here at Everest. We are currently in the middle of research and development of our own edibles (including lots of testing!). Expect to see an Everest line of edibles in stores by winter 2021.
Everest partners with a number of local edible manufacturers in New Mexico, like Azuca, MountainTop Extracts, and Bhang/Derived. These manufacturers take the oil (distillate) extracted from our plants and introduces it into their own recipes to create the edibles we all love. Rest assured that the cannabis you are tasting and experiencing from your edible is grown here at our farm in North Valley, Albuquerque.